resources for educators

The Portal to Texas History

Primary Source Sets

Native American Cultures: Pueblo and Plains

Jumanos, Tiguas, Tonkawas, Apaches, Comanches, and Kiowa

The resources in this primary source set are intended for classroom use. Click on a thumbnail image to view the original resource and download link for viewing and saving. Click on the caption next to the image to view the bibliographic record, share on a network, or print. PDF documents are available for download and use in your classroom discussions.


Apache Girl, 1890

Apache Girl: Ohah. This photograph is a part of the Rescuing Texas History collection. PDF

Curly "Bud" Ballew and Amy Bear and Carrie, 1890

Two Native American women in a portrait with lawman Curly "Bud" Ballew. The women are seated and wrapped in traditional Indian blankets. The lawman is standing behind the women and has a bandana around his neck. Both women are Kiowa. Amy Bear is wife of Bert Bear, and Carrie is daughter of Iseeo and wife of White Fox. PDF

Chief of the Kiowas

A pictorial featuring a chief of the Kiowas. PDF
Comanche Belles

Comanche Belles

Two young female Indian women, appearing to be in their teens. PDF

Comanche Boy, Sherman Poco, 1890

Comanche boy, Sherman Poco, in native dress. PDF

Comanche Warrior

A pictorial featuring a comanche warrior. PDF

Geronimo, Apache Chief (1829-1909)

Geronimo, "one who yawns," was a prominent Native American leader of the Chiricahua Apache who fought against Mexico and the United States. They expanded into Apache tribal lands for several decades during the Apache Wars. PDF

Geronimo, Apache

Native American Painting from the Star of the Republic Museum. PDF

Kicking Bird, Kiowa Chief (1835-1875)

Portrait of Kicking Bird (Tem-angopte) from the Tarrant County College Northeast, Heritage Room. He was the grandson of a Crow Indian who was captured and adopted by the Kiowas. He is well known for his leadership in establishing the first school among the Kiowas in 1873. PDF

Lipan-Warrior, 1857

Hand-colored stone lithograph of a West Lipan Apache warrior sitting astride a horse and carrying a rifle. From Emory's United States and Mexican Boundary Survey, Washington, 1857. PDF