4.4 History. The student understands the political, economic, and social changes in Texas during the last half of the 19th century. The student is expected to:

4.4(A) describe the impact of the Civil War and Reconstruction on Texas;

Standards: Readiness Anchoring

4.4(B) explain the growth, development, and impact of the cattle industry such as contributions made by Charles Goodnight, Richard King, and Lizzie Johnson;

Standards: Readiness Anchoring

4.4(C) explain the effects of the railroad industry on life in Texas, including changes to cities and major industries; and

Standards: Supporting

4.4(D) explain the effects on American Indian life brought about by the Red River War, building of U.S. forts and railroads, and loss of buffalo.

Standards: Supporting Anchoring